Information Center

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Colombia has experienced a steady increase in international trade, opening opportunities for domestic products abroad or for importing raw materials or final products to transform and market within our country.

Our objective is to guide you in the management of reliable processes with the application of good practices that facilitate within your company to manage international operations and help improve their competitiveness.

We have a qualified team to advise the users of foreign trade on the processes of internationalization of logistics that your company requires and the equipment that within it, is dedicated to foreign trade operations, we guide through specialized conferences, we support the Design logistics processes appropriate to their needs, with the aim of creating advantages based on the knowledge of their foreign trade operations.

We present a general guide on the frequently asked questions that can be generated when making their imports or exports. And we invite you to contact us at our email to receive personalized support. Make handling your load an intelligent decision.

01. ¿What kind of transport can I use to export or import my product to a specific market?

The definition of transport mode to export a product is linked to different factors including: class, value, weight, product volume, type of cargo, handling, class, packing cost, security, accessibility, availability, frequency, speed and cost of the mode of transport, additionally the cost of customs and the documentation required may affect the decision to use maritime, air or land modes.

If your priority is the time the best option is the air mode, if your priority is to reduce costs you can choose the maritime option and according to the volume a complete container or consolidated cargo handling, if you want a better advice contact us to and one of our consultants will contact you so that you can choose the best alternative.

02. ¿What is the value of freight for international transportation (sea, air, land) from Colombia to a specific destination or vice versa?

The freight rates between two points vary depending on the type of cargo, volume, mode and the transport equipment or cargo unit and the transport company. To know exactly the applicable freights from Colombia to the destination required or vice versa, and send you a formal offer of costs, please write to with the following information:

  • Product type: for example, furniture, chemicals, leathers, food, etc.
  • Tariff heading: if you have it.
  • Origin and destination of the goods.
  • Agreed terms of negotiation: incoterms: FOB, Exwork, CYF, CIF, etc.
  • Total weight of the product in kilograms.
  • Volume in Cubic Meters: If you do not have it please inform the No of pieces and measures in cm of each one.
  • Value of goods.
  • Means of transport required: air, sea, land, etcc.
03. ¿What is the most appropriate mode of transportation for my product?

The definition of transport mode to export or import a product is linked to other factors, and to determine which is the most appropriate for your company, you need to know:

  • Type of product to be exported or imported.
  • Origin and destination of the goods.
  • Total weight of the product in kilograms.
  • Volume in cubic meters: if you do not have it please inform the number of pieces and measures in cm of each one.
  • Value of goods.
  • Point of origin and point of destination requested by the buyer.
  • Type of packaging.
  • Buyer  requirements in terms of frequency, speed, availability and accessibility in different modes of transport.

It is important to note that each mode of transport has its own characterization; for example, air transport is not suitable for mass loads nor the maritime for urgent loads.

04. ¿What are INCOTERMS?

These are the terms of international buying and selling (International Commerce Terms) that establish the responsibilities and obligations of the parties involved in the transaction. The Incoterms regulate four major problems that support any commercial transaction:

  • The delivery of the Merchandise.
  • Risk Transfer.
  • Distribution of Expenses.
  • Documentary procedures

When we export or import we must know what are my rights and obligations as an international buyer and seller in terms of freight, insurance, expenses and when they end, that is why the International Chamber of Commerce has created the International Trade Terms (INCOTERMS).

One thing we must always remember is that in the international contract of sale and in the invoice you must specify the agreed INCOTERM, and establish the agreed port, border or points of delivery.

These can be classified by groups or by the type of transport to be used

It is essential that exporters become familiar with Incoterms, their risks, liabilities and costs. Our Information / Training / Incoterms section can be consulted.

05. ¿What is the best selling term to negotiate with my buyer abroad?

In order to establish the best option for your company, it is necessary to take into account the following factors:

  • Buyer requirements.
  • The Company’s experience in exports.
  • The ability of the exporter to coordinate the logistics chain and commercial practice, among others.

It is essential that exporters become familiar with Incoterms, their risks, liabilities and costs. Our Information / Training / Incoterms section can be consulted.


06. ¿How much cargo can I ship in a shipping container?

The general characteristics of marine containers based on range, weight and total volume by type of equipment. They can be consulted in our section Information center / Types of containers .

07. ¿What is the best transport system to send samples abroad and how much does it cost?

It depends on several factors such as size, characteristics of the cargo, customs rules at origin and destination. In order for the shipment of samples not to be costly for the companies, it is recommended that the exporter analyze the possibilities of sending it under the modality of courier or load. Similarly the value of each shipment varies according to destination, weight and volume. If you want a better advice can contact us at a and one of our advisors will contact you so that you can choose the best alternative.

08. ¿What is called a consolidated charge?

It is the activity of grouping in a container or unit of cargo goods or merchandise of several exporters to be transported to a specific destination. Trazer Carga is able to offer you this option, in case the volume of your purchase order is not so great for the use of a full container.

09. ¿What shipping options can I achieve when I have to export smaller and smaller volumes to a container?

We can offer you the service of consolidated maritime cargo or LCL, which allows you to lower your costs in small offices, where your merchandise is shipped in a container along with other customers who also have orders for shipments of volumes lower than a container. On the other hand, if the export is very small, the option of air transport, since the logistical costs in Colombia to make dispatches from the main cities to ports are very high and in some cases the value of air transport To an FCL shipping office may be the same or lower.

10. ¿What is the most appropriate packaging for my product?

It must respond to the specific needs of each product and market. However, there are several factors to consider before selecting the optimum system.

  • COMPLIANCE WITH TECHNICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS: Before designing a package, it is necessary to investigate the technical and environmental restrictions in the destination market.
11. ¿Should I always insure my cargo?

Exporters and importers are advised to take out the insurance to cover any losses or damages that may be caused to the cargo during its transit from the origin to the final destination. Under normal conditions it is necessary to ensure the cargo, against the various risks that can affect them during their transfer from one place to another and, by extension, during certain periods (stays), or situations (loading and unloading), related to the fact of transport . If you require it we can offer you this service immediately taking into account the type of merchandise, its value and the international transportation route contact us at

12. ¿What factors should I take into account when hiring international cargo transportation?

First of all you must have established, if the term of sale (Incoterms) negotiated includes the international transport. The basic factors with the selected agent are:

  • Terms of service offered: (Date, Route, Costs, time, etc.)
  • Clarity with costs and service offered
  • Clear agent-client responsibilities
  • Settlement of freight by the carrier and / or agent.
  • Preparation of cargo for transport (Packaging, Marking, Labeling, Insurance)
  • Enlistment of documentary supports required for export, transporter and / or import.
  • Delivery of the cargo to the conveyor at the agreed site, along with the required documents and improvement of the contract.
13. ¿What vehicle can I use to distribute my product?

It is necessary to know the volume and weight of the goods to be transported in order to determine which is best suited to their needs, just as if the type of cargo allowed to be handled in a closed unit as a van or if the transport can be carried out in a carriage unit or slab. The general characteristics of the vehicles with their capacity of load, weight and volume can be consulted our section Information Center / Vehicle types.

14. ¿What are the advantages and disadvantages of air cargo?

The characteristics that have made air cargo especially attractive are basically the speed for urgent goods, perishable and of high unit value, the ease of control and Tracking, managing to travel long distances in short times. However, the high cost of transportation compared to other transport routes makes companies choose this option.

15. ¿Can I transport my goods by air without the intermediary of a freight agent??

All international dispatches that are made by air must be done through a freight agency.

Trazer Carga


Calle 7C No. 70B – 71
Tel: (57) (1) 5644709

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